Web design and web development are two terms which are often used interchangeably. It is common to hear someone say they want a web designer to develop their website and vice versa. The truth of the matter however is that they’re two completely different phrases. In a nutshell, web design refers to the aesthetic constitution of a website whereas web development refers to its programming. Below is a detailed explanation of each of the two terms:
Web design pertains to the visuals and usability of a website. A web designer employs various aesthetic parameters to give a website the right visuals. The designer always works to ensure the websites interface is visually appealing and makes sense in regard to the target market.
In regard to the aesthetics, certain things contribute greatly towards a websites appearance. Key among them are color, graphics, typography, and layout. Modern day designers use technologies such as the Adobe Creative Suite to create a websites visuals. Other key aspects of web design include logo design, graphic design, color palettes, mock-ups and branding among other tools. All these fuse together to give the site its desired visual appeal.
Coming back to usability, a websites usability also is very important. Usability simply refers to the ease of using a website. The site visitor should find it easy to navigate through the website and find the information they’re searching for easily. This is where web designers focus on information arrangement and so on. They normally ensure information is rightly arranged by use of correct themes and templates.
Web development deals with a websites back end programming and coding. The programming and coding are geared toward making the website functional and responsive. They enable information to display correctly on the website and also data management on the site.
Web development can be divided into two facets. These include front-end development and back-end development. Front-end development focuses on display and loading of information on the website. Back-end development on the other hand deals with data management and server operations.
Web developers use technologies such as HTML and CSS to code program a website by hand. In summary, web development centers around the invisible aspects of a website, often described as the engine that powers a website.